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Participant Bionotes

Beatrice Collignon is an Associate Professor at the UFR (Department) de géographie of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne. Her research focuses on non-academic geographic knowledges. Dr. Collignon has been conducting fieldwork among the Inuit of the Western Canadian Arctic (Inuvialuit and Inuinnait) since the early 1990, studying toponymic systems, spatial orientation, oral tradition in relation to landscapes and worldviews, pre-settlement and contemporary domestic spaces. She is currently starting a study on short-term travels within and outside the Arctic of the Inuit of Canada in the recent years. She is the author of Knowing places - The Inuinnait, landscapes and the environnment, 2006, CCI Press, Edmonton, and of numerous articles and book chapters about the Inuit as well as about geography epistemologies.

Anna Degteva is a doctoral student from Russia who is competing her thesis on landscape and reindeer husbandry in the unique and heavily-industrialized Yamal Peninsula, Russian Federation.

Matthew Druckenmiller is a postdoctoral fellow with the National Snow and Ice Data Center. His research relates to sea ice and human-environment relationships in Arctic coastal regions. He lived in Alaska for many years, attending the University of Alaska Fairbanks, conducting community-partnered sea ice research, and working alongside Inupiat hunters and bowhead whale biologists. He currently lives in Boulder, Colorado with his wife and two young sons, but originally hails from rural Pennsylvania.

Ravdna Berit Marie Eira recently completed her Masters (Tromso University and Sami University-College) on the effects of unpredictable rapid change in Sami reindeer husbandry. She is a member of a reindeer-herding family from north Norway (Hammerfest).

Chief Dora Enzoe, Northwest Territories, Canada

Jean-Claude Gascard is a Senior Scientist at the National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) in France since 30 years. His laboratory, called LOCEAN, is based at the University Pierre et Marie Curie in Paris. The main scientific activities in of the laboratory concern the effect of the World Ocean on Climates. His main fields of activity concern the Polar Oceans and in particular the Arctic Ocean, which has been subject to profound and drastic climate change over the past 10 to 30 years. His core work focuses on the formation of dense waters at high latitudes due to a process called “deep convection” that is the main driver for so-called “thermohaline circulation” in the World Ocean (i.e. circulation due to temperature and salinity gradients). He is also interested in physical process studies such as air-sea-ice interactions, brines formation and deep overflows in the Ocean. He has been engaged in a great deal of field work during the past 40 years, published more than 100 articles in peer review journals, supervised more than 30 PhD students and contributed to educational and public outreach programs for disseminating scientific knowledge widely (summer schools, press conferences, public seminars, medias).

Shari Fox Gearheard is a geographer and research scientist based in Kangiqtugaapik (Clyde River), Nunavut.  She telecommutes to her research position at the National Snow and Ice Data Center, University of Colorado Boulder and collaborates frequently with other researchers from many different disciplines and backgrounds on projects in Nunavut and other Arctic communities.  For over 17 years, Dr. Gearheard has worked with Inuit communities on a variety of environmental research projects, in particular on linking Inuit knowledge and science on questions and issues related to climate, weather, sea ice, snow, and innovations for documenting and sharing Inuit knowledge.  Shari is the co-founder and co-chair of the Ittaq Heritage and Research Centre, one of the only Inuit-led and run research centres in Nunavut.  She was a co-lead author of the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment, a member of the National Academies Study Committee on establishing an Arctic Observing Network, and is currently a lead author of the Arctic Human Development Report II.  She completed her undergraduate and MES degrees at the University of Waterloo, her Ph.D. at the University of Colorado Boulder, and held a post doc appointment at Harvard University.  Shari grew up in southern Ontario, Canada, where as a child she relished the snowy winters and took naps in snowdrifts in the backyard.  Finding an Arctic home seemed a natural fit and Shari has been living and working in Nunavut since 1995, moving to her Kangiqtugaapik home in 2004.  Her real passion is dog teaming, in the traditional Inuit style, and pretty much, if she’s not working, she and her husband can be found sledding with their 21 Canadian Inuit dogs.

David Hik is a Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at the University of Alberta. Since 1984 his research interests have focused plant-herbivore-climate interactions in northern and mountain environments, and more recently on dynamics of the science-policy interface, knowledge translation, and the resilience of social-environmental systems.  From 2004-2009, Dr. Hik was Executive Director of the Canadian International Polar Year (IPY) Secretariat.  He currently serves as President of the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC) and vice-Chair of the Arctic Council–led ‘Sustaining Arctic Observing Networks (SAON)’ initiative.  He also sits on several Advisory Committees and Boards, including the Arctic Institute of North America, the Continental Polar Shelf Program, the Dechinta Northern University Field School, the Juneau Icefield Research Program, the Arctic Portal, and the Canadian Polar Commission.

Henry Huntington, Alaska, USA

Noor Johnson, ICC, Ottawa, Canada

Igor Krupnik, Smithsonian Institution, USA

Alexandra Lavrillier, University of St Quentin-Les Yvelines, France

Svein Mathiesen, EALAT Project, Tromso University, Norway

Doug Nakashima is Chief of the Small Islands and Indigenous Knowledge Section, Natural Sciences Sector, UNESCO, and serves as the Organization’s focal point on indigenous issues. He heads UNESCO’s programme on “Local and Indigenous Knowledge Systems” (LINKS) that addresses the role of indigenous knowledge in biodiversity management, climate change assessment and adaptation, as well as knowledge transmission in indigenous communities. Dr. Nakashima has worked in the indigenous knowledge field for over 30 years, with an initial research focus on the knowledge, practice and worldviews of Canadian Inuit with respect to their arctic environment, as well as work with Cree First Nations in subarctic James Bay (Canada) on indigenous knowledge and environmental and social impact assessment.

Brenda Parlee, U. Alberta, Edmonton, Canada

Mikhail Pogodaev, World Reindeer Herder's Association, Saint Petersburg, Russia

Peter Pulsifer leads the Exchange for Local Observations and Knowledge of the Arctic (ELOKA). ELOKA provides data management and user support, and fosters collaboration between resident Arctic experts and visiting researchers. Dr. Pulsifer has worked extensively with Indigenous organizations, Arctic residents, and the science community to facilitate ethical sharing of local observations and traditional knowledge. 

Marie Roué, Director of Research at the French National Scientific Research Centre (CNRS) and at the National Museum of Natural History (MNHN). Dr Roué is an environmental anthropologist, director of the research team ‘Anthropology of Conservation’ at the Laboratory of Eco-anthropology and Ethnobiology, CNRS/MNHN. Since 1972 she has worked with the reindeer herding Saami, as well as the Inuit and Cree of Northern Quebec, on governance and indigenous knowledge, environmental and social assessment of James Bay dams. She has published two books (in French) about the Saami (on social organization of reindeer herding and on juoigos/songs) and has been the editor of two special issues of the International Social Science Journal (NGOs in the Governance of Biodiversity 2003; Cultural and Biological Diversity, 2006) and of the French journal Ethnologie française (Les animaux de la discorde/Animals and conflicts) and is preparing a special issue of Terrains about Utopia and environmentalists. She is also a member of the interdisciplinary journal Natures, Sciences, Sociétés and the French CNRS committee Environnement, Vie, Sociétés.

Chris Southcott, ResDA Project, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, Canada

Betsy Weatherhead, Boulder, CO, USA