Building synergies between scientific & indigenous knowledge about Global Change in the Arctic by elaborating cutting-edge transdisciplinary methodologies to better understand the vulnerabilities and adaptive capacities of Arctic societies and environment
This innovative transdisciplinary approach (associating indigenous knowledge holders, climatologists, geographers, ecologists and anthropologists) is based on the complementary nature of indigenous and scientific knowledge. The project combines micro and macro-scale approaches through its engagement with partners at international, national, regional and local levels. The BRISK project elaborates cutting-edge interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary methodologies and tools to build synergies between scientific and indigenous knowledge on climate and global changes in the Arctic. The objective is to enable innovative assessments of environmental, economic, political and social impacts, vulnerabilities, and adaptive strategies. It contributes to bridging the gaps between natural and social sciences, between science and indigenous knowledge, and between indigenous community, the research community and policy-makers.
Based on case studies in Lapland (Norway, Sweden) and Siberia (Yakoutia, Amour, Kamchatka, Tuva Republic), BRISK develops innovative methodologies that facilitates knowledge co-production. It documents the state of the art with respect to scientific and indigenous methods and observations of global change. BRISK juxataposes and makes comparisons at several levels. Firstly, it examines in different but nonetheless coherent contexts, the intimate relationship between people and their environments through the comparison of two types of reindeer herding in Eurasia. Secondly, it considers the notion of “extreme meteorological events” from the differing viewpoints of climate scientists and indigenous peoples. Thirdly, in order to bring together indigenous and scientific knowledge for the observation of global change (climatic, environmental, industrial, social), community-based observing systems are jointly conceived by scientists (natural and social) and indigenous peoples.
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